Jump to:Page Content
You are seeing this message because your web browser does not support basic web standards. Find out more about why this message is appearing and what you can do to make your experience on this site better.
Bibliography of Family Involvement Research Published in 2009
Harvard Family Research Project
The resources in this bibliography were found via a number of online databases. More information about specific search methods is outlined in each section below. The key search terms used were a combination of “parent,” “family,” “home,” “school,” “engagement,” “participation,” “involvement,” “student,” “education”, “relationship,” and “cooperation.” We read abstracts from this initial list of publications and selected empirical studies relating to family involvement.
Please note that this compilation is not reviewed, nor does it represent the universe of recent family involvement research. We therefore invite member suggestions for additions to this list. To make suggestions, please contact FINE at email@example.com.
Finding Journal Articles
To compile the journal articles (both domestic and international), we searched the electronic databases of ERIC, Education Search Premier, Education Abstracts, and PsycInfo. Many of the citations below include a “DOI,” or Digital Object Identifier; this alphanumeric string is assigned by the International DOI Foundation to help identify content and provide a consistent link to its location on the internet. You may access the article by clicking on the DOI link, or by entering the DOI into the DOI Resolver at CrossRef.org.
Family Engagement in the United States
Adams, C. M., Forsyth, P. B., & Mitchell, R. M. (2009). The formation of parent–school trust: A multilevel analysis. Educational Administration Quarterly, 45(1), 4–33.
Applequist, K. L. (2009). Parent perspectives of special education: Framing of experiences for prospective special educators. Rural Special Education Quarterly, 28(2), 3–16.
Araujo, B. E. (2009). Best practices in working with linguistically diverse families. Intervention in School & Clinic, 45(2), 116–123. doi:10.1177/1053451209340221
Borba, M. (2009). Caring closes the language-learning gap. Phi Delta Kappan, 90(9), 681–685.
Brandon, R. R., & Brown, M. R. (2009). African American families in the special education process: Increasing their level of involvement. Intervention in School & Clinic, 45(2), 85–90. doi:10.1177/1053451209340218
Brown, M. R. (2009). A new multicultural population: Creating effective partnerships with multiracial families. Intervention in School & Clinic, 45(2), 124–131. doi:10.1177/1053451209340217
Brown, R., Copeland, W. E., Costello, E. J., Erkanli, A., & Worthman, C. M. (2009). Family and community influences on educational outcomes among Appalachian youth. Journal of Community Psychology, 37(7), 795–808. doi:10.1002/jcop.20331
Carranza, F. D., You, S., Chhuon, V., & Hudley, C. (2009). Mexican American adolescents' academic achievement and aspirations: The role of perceived parental educational involvement, acculturation, and self-esteem. Adolescence, 44(174), 313–333.
Chen, W., & Gregory, A. (2009). Parental involvement as a protective factor during the transition to high school. Journal of Educational Research, 103(1), 53–62.
Compton-Lilly, C. (2009). Listening to families over time: Seven lessons learned about literacy in families. Language Arts, 86(6), 449–457.
Coulton, C., & Irwin, M. (2009). Parental and community level correlates of participation in out-of-school activities among children living in low income neighborhoods. Children and Youth Services Review, 31(3), 300–308. doi:10.1016/j.childyouth.2008.08.003
Cripps, K., & Zyromski, B. (2009). Adolescents’ psychological well-being and perceived parental involvement: Implications for parental involvement in middle schools. Research in Middle Level Education Online, 33(4), 1–13.
Crosnoe, R. (2009). Family–school connections and the transitions of low-income youths and English language learners from middle school to high school. Developmental Psychology, 45(4), 1061–1076. doi:10.1037/a0016131
Cucchiara, M. B., & Horvat, E. M. (2009). Perils and promises: Middle-class parental involvement in urban schools. American Educational Research Journal, 46(4), 974–1004. doi:10.3102/0002831209345791
Dessoff, A. (2009). Parental engagement pays off. District Administration, 45(5), 16–20.
Dotson-Blake, K., Foster, V. A., & Gressard, C. F. (2009). Ending the silence of the Mexican immigrant voice in public education: Creating culturally inclusive family–school–community partnerships. Professional School Counseling, 12(3), 230–239.
Egbert, J., & Salsbury, T. (2009). “Out of complacency and into action”: An exploration of professional development experiences in school/home literacy engagement. Teaching Education, 20(4), 375–393.
Fedewa, A. L., & Clark, T. P. (2009). Parent practices and home–school partnerships: A differential effect for children with same-sex coupled parents? Journal of GLBT Family Studies, 5(4), 312–339. doi:10.1080/15504280903263736
Ferrara, M. M. (2009). Broadening the myopic vision of parent involvement. School Community Journal, 19(2), 123–142.
Fields-Smith, C., & Williams, M. (2009). Motivations, sacrifices, and challenges: Black parents’ decisions to home school. Urban Review, 41(4), 369–389. doi:10.1007/s11256-008-0114-x
Giovacco-Johnson, T. (2009). Portraits of partnership: The hopes and dreams project. Early Childhood Education Journal, 37(2), 127–135. doi:10.1007/s10643-009-0332-1
Gordon, M. F., & Louis, K. S. (2009). Linking parent and community involvement with student achievement: Comparing principal and teacher perceptions of stakeholder influence. American Journal of Education, 116(1), 1–31.
Halgunseth, L. (2009). Family engagement, diverse families, and early childhood education programs: An integrated review of the literature. Young Children, 64(5), 56–58.
Hill, N. B., & Tyson, D. F. (2009). Parental involvement in middle school: A meta-analytic assessment of the strategies that promote achievement. Developmental Psychology, 45(3), 740–763. doi:10.1037/a0015362
Huntsinger, C. S., & Jose, P. E. (2009). Parental involvement in children's schooling: Different meanings in different cultures. Early Childhood Research Quarterly, 24(4), 398–410. doi:10.1016/j.ecresq.2009.07.006
Ji, C. S., & Koblinsky, S. A. (2009). Parent involvement in children's education: An exploratory study of urban, Chinese immigrant families. Urban Education, 44(6), 687–709.
Levine-Rasky, C. (2009). Dynamics of parent involvement at a multicultural school. British Journal of Sociology of Education, 30(3), 331–344. doi:10.1080/01425690902812604
Ma, Y. (2009). Family socioeconomic status, parental involvement, and college major choices—gender, race/ethnic, and nativity patterns. Sociological Perspectives, 52(2), 211–234. doi:10.1525/sop.2009.52.2.211
Manos, M. A. (2009). Opt to take an active role in your child's education. Phi Kappa Phi Forum, 89(1), 22–23.
Mendez, J. L., Carpenter, J. L., LaForett, D. R., & Cohen, J. S. (2009). Parental engagement and barriers to participation in a community-based preventive intervention. American Journal of Community Psychology, 44(1), 1–14. doi:10.1007/s10464-009-9252-x
Murray, C. (2009). Parent and teacher relationships as predictors of school engagement and functioning among low-income urban youth. The Journal of Early Adolescence, 29(3), 376–404. doi:10.1177/0272431608322940
Nelson, S. W., & Guerra, P. L. (2009). For diverse families, parent involvement takes on a new meaning. Journal of Staff Development, 30(4), 65–66.
Niemeyer, A. E., Wong, M. M., & Westerhaus, K. J. (2009). Parental involvement, familismo, and academic performance in Hispanic and Caucasian adolescents. North American Journal of Psychology, 11(3), 613–631.
Nzinga-Johnson, S., Baker, J. A., & Aupperlee, J. (2009). Teacher–parent relationships and school involvement among racially and educationally diverse parents of kindergartners. Elementary School Journal, 110(1), 81–91.
Olivos, E. M. (2009). Collaboration with Latino families: A critical perspective of home–school interactions. Intervention in School & Clinic, 45(2), 109–115. doi:10.1177/1053451209340220
Patterson, K. B., Webb, K. W., & Krudwig, K. M. (2009). Family as faculty parents: Influence on teachers' beliefs about family partnerships. Preventing School Failure, 54(1), 41–50.
Pewewardy, C., & Fitzpatrick, M. (2009). Working with American Indian students and families: Disabilities, issues, and interventions. Intervention in School & Clinic, 45(2), 91–98. doi:10.1177/1053451209340223
Price-Mitchell, M. (2009). Boundary dynamics: Implications for building parent–school partnerships. School Community Journal, 19(2), 9–26.
Rah, Y., Choi, S., & Nguyen, T. S. T. (2009). Building bridges between refugee parents and schools. International Journal of Leadership in Education, 12(4), 347–365. doi:10.1080/13603120802609867
Ratcliff, N., & Hunt, G. (2009). Building teacher-family partnerships: The role of teacher preparation programs. Education, 129(3), 495–505.
Rogers, M. A., Wiener, J., Marton, I., & Tannock, R. (2009). Parental involvement in children's learning: Comparing parents of children with and without Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Journal of School Psychology, 47(3), 167–185. doi:10.1016/j.jsp.2009.02.001
Roushias, C., Calabrese Barton, A., & Drake, C. (2009). The design and development of a multimedia case-based environment on parental engagement. Educational Media International, 46(1), 37–52. doi:10.1080/09523980902781287
Schecter, S. R., & Sherri, D. L. (2009). Value added? Teachers' investments in and orientations toward parent involvement in education. Urban Education, 44(1), 59–87. doi:10.1177/0042085908317676
Simons-Morton, B., & Rusan, C. (2009). Peer and parent influences on school engagement among early adolescents. Youth & Society, 41(1), 3–25.
Sirin, S. R., Ryce, P., & Mir, M. (2009). How teachers’ values affect their evaluation of children of immigrants: Findings from Islamic and public schools. Early Childhood Research Quarterly, 24(4), 463–473. doi:10.1016/j.ecresq.2009.07.003
Spera, C., Wentzel, K. R., & Matto, H. C. (2009). Parental aspirations for their children’s educational attainment: Relations to ethnicity, parental education, children’s academic performance, and parental perceptions of school climate. Journal of Youth & Adolescence, 38(8), 1140–1152. doi:10.1007/s10964-008-9314-7
St. George, C. Y. (2009). How can elementary teachers collaborate more effectively with parents to support student literacy learning? Delta Kappa Gamma Bulletin, 76(2), 32–38.
Swick, K. (2009). Promoting school and life success through early childhood family literacy. Early Childhood Education Journal, 36(5), 403–406. doi:10.1007/s10643-009-0305-4
Taliaferro, J. D., DeCuir-Gunby, J., & Allen-Eckard, K. (2009). ‘I can see parents being reluctant’: Perceptions of parental involvement using child and family teams in schools. Child & Family Social Work, 14(3), 278–288. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2206.2008.00594.x
Warren, M. R., Hong, S., Rubin, C. H., & Uy, P. S. (2009). Beyond the bake sale: A community-based relational approach to parent engagement in schools. Teachers College Record, 111(9), 2209–2254.
Wiseman, A. (2009). Perceptions of community and experiences in school: Understanding the opportunities, resources, and education within one neighborhood. Early Childhood Education Journal, 36(4), 333–338. doi:10.1007/s10643-008-0284-x
Woolfolk, T. N., & Unger, D. G. (2009). Relationships between low-income African American mothers and their home visitors: A Parents As Teachers program. Family Relations, 58(2), 188–200. doi:10.1111/j.1741-3729.2008.00546.x
Wyrick, A. J., & Rudasill, K. M. (2009). Parent involvement as a predictor of teacher–child relationship quality in third grade. Early Childhood and Development, 20(5), 845–864. doi:10.1080/10409280802582803
Zhao, H., & Akiba, M. (2009). School expectations for parental involvement and student mathematics achievement: A comparative study of middle schools in the US and South Korea. Compare: A Journal of Comparative & International Education, 39(3), 411–428. doi:10.1080/03057920701603347
Ziomek-Daigle, J. (2010). Schools, families, and communities affecting the dropout rate: Implications and strategies for family counselors. Family Journal, 18(4), 377–385. doi:10.1177/1066480710374871
International Family Engagement
Addi-Raccah, A., & Ainhoren, R. (2009). School governance and teachers' attitudes to parents' involvement in schools. Teaching & Teacher Education, 25(6), 805–813. doi:10.1016/j.tate.2009.01.006
Davies, M. D., & Beamish, W. (2009). Transitions from school for young adults with intellectual disability: Parental perspectives on “life as an adjustment.” Journal of Intellectual & Developmental Disability, 34(3), 248–257. doi:10.1080/13668250903103676
Gu, W., & Yawkey, T. D. (2009). An investigation of teachers' attitudes between school and home based family intervention models utilized by public school teachers in the people's republic of China. Journal of Instructional Psychology, 36(1), 49–58.
Johansson, G. (2009). Parental involvement in the development of a culture-based school curriculum. Intercultural Education, 20(4), 311–319. doi:10.1080/14675980903351946
Koutrouba, K., Antonopoulou, E., Tsitsas, G., & Zenakou, E. (2009). An investigation of Greek teachers' views on parental involvement in education. School Psychology International, 30(3), 311–328. doi:10.1177/0143034309106497
Kurani, D., Nerurkar, A., Miranda, L., Jawadwala, F., & Prabhulkar, D. (2009). Impact of parents’ involvement and engagement in a learning readiness programme for children with severe and profound intellectual disability and complex needs in India. Journal of Intellectual Disabilities, 13(4), 269–289. doi:10.1177/1744629509355751
Levpuscek, M. P., & Zupancic, M. (2009). Math achievement in early adolescence: The role of parental involvement, teachers' behavior, and students' motivational beliefs about math. The Journal of Early Adolescence, 29(4), 541–570. doi:10.1177/0272431608324189
Li-Rong, L. C. (2009). Creating an optimal language learning environment. Communication Disorders Quarterly, 30(2), 69–76.
Morgan, A., Nutbrown, C., & Hannon, P. (2009). Fathers' involvement in young children's literacy development: Implications for family literacy programmes. British Educational Research Journal, 35(2), 167–185. doi:10.1080/01411920802041996
Studsrod, I., & Bru, E. (2009). The role of perceived parental socialization practices in school adjustment among Norwegian upper secondary school students. British Journal of Educational Psychology, 79(3), 529–546.
Tam, V. C., & Chan, R. M. (2009). Parental involvement in primary children’s homework in Hong Kong. The School Community Journal, 19(2), 81–100.
Tulviste, T., & Rohner, R. P. (2010). Relationships between perceived teachers’ and parental behavior and adolescent outcomes in Estonia. Cross-Cultural Research: The Journal of Comparative Social Science, 44(3), 222–238. doi:10.1177/1069397110366797
Tveit, A. D. (2009). A parental voice: Parents as equal and dependent—rhetoric about parents, teachers, and their conversations. Educational Review, 61(3), 289–300. doi:10.1080/00131910903045930
Walker-Dalhouse, D., & Dalhouse, A. D. (2009). When two elephants fight the grass suffers: Parents and teachers working together to support the literacy development of Sudanese youth. Teaching & Teacher Education, 25(2), 328–335. doi:10.1016/j.tate.2008.07.014
Finding Dissertations and Theses
This bibliography includes master’s and doctoral dissertations. Unless otherwise noted, the following dissertations and theses are available through the ProQuest Dissertations and Theses database (for a fee) at http://proquest.umi.com/login. To avoid the cost, find out if your affiliate library subscribes to ProQuest. If you do not have access to ProQuest or if you are looking for a dissertation or thesis that is not published, your university or local public library may be able to borrow the item through an interlibrary loan. Another option is to check the website www.theses.org, where some U.S. and international universities make their dissertations and theses available electronically.
Bunn, K. (2009). Bridging policy and education: How elementary students are impacted by reform efforts (Doctoral dissertation). Available from ProQuest Dissertations and Theses database. (UMI No. 3359919)
Githembe, P. (2009). African refugee parents' involvement in their children's schools: Barriers and recommendations for improvement (Doctoral dissertation). Available from ProQuest Dissertations and Theses database. (UMI No. 3399419)
Hillstrom, K. (2009). Are acculturation and parenting styles related to academic achievement among Latino students? (Doctoral dissertation). Available from ProQuest Dissertations and Theses database. (UMI No. 3355420)
Hong, S. (2009). A cord of three strands: Organizing parents, schools, and communities for collective empowerment (Doctoral dissertation). Available from ProQuest Dissertations and Theses database. (UMI No. 3385018)
Hsiao, Y. (2009). A study of childrearing, school strategies, and government policies that affect preschool children of immigrant mothers in southern Taiwan (Doctoral dissertation). Available from ProQuest Dissertations and Theses database. (UMI No. 3356385)
Kirby, M. (2009). Academic optimism and community engagement in urban elementary schools (Doctoral dissertation). Available from ProQuest Dissertations and Theses database. (UMI No. 3371349)
LeBel, T. (2009). An investigation of the effectiveness of a home-school intervention involving direct behavior ratings to decrease disruptive behavior in preschoolers (Doctoral dissertation). Available from ProQuest Dissertations and Theses database. (UMI No. 3360699)
Martin, J. D. (2009). How school practices to promote parental involvement influence student success (Doctoral dissertation). Available from ProQuest Dissertations and Theses database. (UMI No. 3373927)
Nam, B., & Lange, D. (2009). Parent involvement: Perceptions of recent immigrant parents in a suburban school district in Minnesota (Doctoral dissertation). College of Education, Argosy University, Twin Cities, Minnesota.
Scott, K. (2009). African Canadian fathers' beliefs about literacy involvement and their engagement in boys' print literacy development (Master’s thesis). Available from ProQuest Dissertations and Theses database. (UMI No. MR51593)
Simpson, F. (2009). An analysis of factors that influence success in a low socioeconomic Georgia middle school (Doctoral dissertation). Available from ProQuest Dissertations and Theses database. (UMI No. 3352207)
St. George, C. (2009). An action research study: How can elementary teachers collaborate more effectively with parents to support student literacy learning? (Doctoral dissertation). Available from ProQuest Dissertations and Theses database. (UMI No. 3367261)
Tan, C. S. (2009). Early adolescents' perceptions of parental involvement and academic pressure in Chinese immigrant families (Master’s thesis). University of California, Los Angeles.
Ventura, M. P. (2009). Building relationships with Latino families: Teacher perspectives on parental involvement (Doctoral dissertation). Available from ProQuest Dissertations and Theses database. (UMI No. 3391810)
Watson, M. (2009). The facilitators and inhibitors for grandparents raising grandchildren in relation to parental involvement in school on behalf of their grandchildren (Doctoral dissertation). Available from ProQuest Dissertations and Theses database. (UMI No. 3367698)
Wells, L. (2009). At the front of the bus: A community based perspective of the community, issues, and organizing efforts to improve public schooling in Newark, New Jersey (Doctoral dissertation). Available from ProQuest Dissertations and Theses database. (UMI No. 3357373)
Wilkenfeld, B. (2009). A multilevel analysis of context effects on adolescent civic engagement: The role of family, peers, school, and neighborhood (Doctoral dissertation). Available from ProQuest Dissertations and Theses database. (UMI No. 3359321)
Wilson, S. (2009). A comparison of factors influencing parent educational involvement when a child has diabetes or a bleeding disorder (Doctoral dissertation). Available from ProQuest Dissertations and Theses database. (UMI No. 3366543)
Finding Research Briefs, Papers, and Reports
These briefs, papers, and reports were found via EBSCO and through Harvard Family Research Project’s FINE Newsletter.
Advocates for Children of New York. (2009). Our children, our schools: A blueprint for creating partnerships between immigrant families and New York City public schools. Retrieved from http://www.advocatesforchildren.org/Our_Children_Our_Schools%20_FINAL_Report.pdf
Bandy, T., & Anderson Moore, K. (2009). Non-participation of children and adolescents in out-of-school time programs: Child, family, and neighborhood factors (Research-to-Results Brief No. 2009-39). Washington, DC: Child Trends. Retrieved from http://www.childtrends.org/Files/Child_Trends-2009_07_22_RB_Nonparticipation.pdf
Barnett, W. S., Epstein, D. J., Friedman, A. H., Sansanelli, R. A., & Hudstedt, J. T. (2009). The state of preschool 2009: The state preschool yearbook. Retrieved from The National Institute for Early Education Research website: http://nieer.org/yearbook/pdf/yearbook.pdf
Bridgeland, J. M., DiIulio, Jr., J. J., & Balfanz, R. (2009). On the front lines of schools: Perspectives of teachers and principals on the high school dropout problem. Washington, DC: Civic Enterprises. Retrieved from http://www.civicenterprises.net/pdfs/frontlines.pdf
Christie, K., & Zinth, K. (2009). Ensuring successful student transitions from the middle grades to high school. Denver, CO: Education Commission of the States. Retrieved from http://www.ecs.org/clearinghouse/78/91/7891.pdf
Department for Children, Schools, and Families. (2009). The impact of parent involvement on children’s education. Nottingham, UK: Author. Retrieved from http://publications.education.gov.uk/eOrderingDownload/DCSF-Parental_Involvement.pdf
Hair, E. C, Moore, K. A., Long, T. J., McPhee-Baker, C., & Brown, B. V. (2009). Youth who are “disconnected” and those who then reconnect: Assessing the influence of family, programs, peers and communities (Research-to-Results Brief No. 2009-37). Washington, DC: Child Trends. Retrieved from http://www.childtrends.org/Files/Child_Trends-2009_07_22_RB_DisconnectedYouth.pdf
Kansas Parent Information Resource Center. (2009). Creating family, school, & community partnerships, featuring successful parent involvement practices in Kansas schools. Topeka, KS: Kansas Department of Education. Retrieved from http://kpirc.org/uploads/SPIPKS.pdf
Smith, J., & Wohlstetter, P. (2009). Parent involvement in urban charter schools: A new paradigm or the status quo? Nashville, TN: National Center on School Choice Vanderbilt University. Retrieved from http://www.eric.ed.gov/PDFS/ED509552.pdf
Spielberger, J., Baker, S., Winje, C., & Mayers, L. (2009). Getting ready for school: Palm Beach County’s Early Childhood Cluster Initiative. Chicago, IL: Chapin Hall at the University of Chicago. Retrieved from http://www.chapinhall.org/research/report/getting-ready-school
Sylva, K., Melhuish, E., Sammons, P., Siraj-Blatchford, I., Taggart, B., Hunt, S., . . . Welcomme, W. (2008). Final report from the primary phase: Pre-school, school, and family influences on children’s development during key stage 2, ages 7–11. Nottingham, UK: Department for Children, Schools, and Families. Retrieved from http://publications.education.gov.uk/eOrderingDownload/DCSF-RB061.pdf
Terzian, M., Mbwana, K., & Trends, C. (2009). What works for parent involvement programs for adolescents: Lessons from experimental evaluations of social interventions (Fact Sheet No. 2009-48). Washington, DC: Child Trends. Retrieved from http://www.childtrends.org/Files/Child_Trends-2009_12_09_FS_WWParentInvolveAdol.pdf
Thao, M. (2009). Parent involvement in school: Engaging immigrant parents (Snapshot). St. Paul, MN: Wilder Research. Retrieved from http://www.wilder.org/download.0.html?report=2262
The Albert Shanker Institute. (2009). Preschool: What’s in it for children and teachers. Washington, DC: Author. Retrieved from http://www.ashankerinst.org/Downloads/Early%20Childhood%2012-11-08.pdf
Weiss, H. B., Little, P. M. D., Bouffard, S. M., Deschenes, S. N., & Malone, H. J. (2009). The federal role in out-of-school learning: After-school, summer learning, and family involvement as critical learning supports. Cambridge, MA: Harvard Family Research Project. Retrieved from http://hfrp.org/FederalRoleInOutOfSchoolLearning
Westmoreland, H., Rosenberg, H. M., Lopez, M. E., & Weiss, H. (2009). Seeing is believing: Promising practices for how school districts promote family engagement. Cambridge, MA: Harvard Family Research Project. Retrieved from http://hfrp.org/SeeingIsBelieving
These books were found through HOLLIS (Harvard University’s library catalog), but should also be available through other library catalogs or online bookstores.
Deslandes, R. (Ed.) (2009). International perspectives on student outcomes and homework: Family–school–community partnerships. London: Routledge.
Ferlazzo, L., & Hammond, L. (2009). Building parent engagement in schools. Denver, CO: Linworth.
Glasgow. N. A., & Whitney, P. J. (2009). What successful schools do to involve families: 55 partnership strategies. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin/Sage.
Shumow, L. (Ed.) (2009). Promising practices for family and community involvement during high school. Charlotte, NC: Information Age Publishing.
Taylor, L. S., & Whittaker, C. R. (2009). Bridging multiple worlds: case studies of diverse educational communities (2nd Edition). Boston: Allyn & Bacon/Pearson.
Weiss, H. B., Kreider, H., Lopez, M. E., & Chatman, C. M. (Eds.) (2009). Preparing educators to engage families: Case studies using an ecological systems framework (2nd Edition). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.